Gum Surgery


What is gum disease?
Gum disease or periodontal disease, is an infection of the soft tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth.


What are the causes of gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly coats our teeth that create toxins, which damage our gums.


What are the different stages of gum disease?
Gingivitis - The early stage of gum disease
  • The gums become red and swollen and may also bleed easily.
  • A painless period, which is why it is ignored or unnoticed
  • Can be eliminated by daily brushing and flossing
Periodontitis – The more advanced stage
  • bones and gums become very damaged
  • The teeth may become loose and eventually fall out or they may have to be removed by your dentist


What are the symptoms of gum disease?

  • Red, swollen or tender gums.
  • Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth.
  • Gums that appear to have pulled away from the teeth.
  • Loose teeth.
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
  • Pus between your teeth and gums.


What are the complications of gum disease?

  • Periodontitis
  • Tooth loss
  • An increased risk of heart attack or stroke
  • Difficulty controlling blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.
  • Pregnancy complications like premature babies or under weight.


How is gum disease diagnosed?

  • Medical History Gathering
  • Physical Examination  

     - Inspection of the Gum Area

     - Periodontal Screening and Recording- painless procedure used to measure and determine the severity of periodontal disease by measuring pocket depth. Pocket depths greater than 3 mm indicate disease.
     - Testing Tooth Movement
  • X-rays - to show any loss of bone structure supporting the teeth


What are the treatments for gum disease?
  • Non surgical
  • For management of periodontal disease
  • Deep Cleaning - Scaling and Root Planing Medications
  • Gingival Curettage
  • Surgical
  • Flap Surgery
  • Bone and Tissue Grafts



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